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Na początku lat. 40 gospodarka ZSRR stała się stosunkowo samowystarczalna, co trwało aż do czasu utworzenia [[Rada Wzajemnej Pomocy Gospodarczej|RWPG]]<ref>[http://countrystudies.us/russia/12.htm "Reconstruction and Cold War". Library of Congress]</ref>.
 
W wyniku stalinowskich reform stalinowskich ZSRR przekształcono z kraju [[agraryzm|agrarnego]] w potęgę przemysłową. Po II wojny światowej kraj stał się nowym supermocarstwem<ref>Wheatcroft, S. G.; Davies, R. W.; Cooper, J. M. (1986). Soviet Industrialization Reconsidered: Some Preliminary Conclusions about Economic Development between 1926 and 1941 39 (2). Economic History Review. s. 30–2. ISBN 978-0-7190-4600-1.</ref>. Zdaniem Stevena Rosefielda w okresie stalinizmu poziom życia obywateli kraju zmniejszył się ze względu na despotyzm Stalina<ref>Steven Rosefielde (1996). "Stalinism in Post-Communist Perspective: New Evidence on Killings, Forced Labour and Economic Growth in the 1930s". Europe-Asia Studies (Taylor & Francis, Ltd.) 48 (6): 956–987. JSTOR 152635. "The new evidence shows that administrative command planning and Stalin's forced industrialisation strategies failed in the 1930s and beyond. The economic miracle chronicled in official hagiographies and until recently faithfully recounted in Western textbooks has no basis in fact. It is the statistical artefact not of index number relativity (the Gerschenkron effect) but of misapplying to the calculation of growth cost prices that do not accurately measure competitive value. The standard of living declined during the 1930s in response to Stalin's despotism, and after a brief improvement following his death, lapsed into stagnation. Glasnost and post-communist revelations interpreted as a whole thus provide no basis for Getty, Rittersporn & Zemskov's relatively favourable characterisation of the methods, economic achievements and human costs of Stalinism. The evidence demonstrates that the suppression of markets and the oppression of vast segments of the population were economically counterproductive and humanly calamitous, just as anyone conversant with classical economic theory should have expected."</ref>.
 
== Bilans stalinizmu ==
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