Wikipedysta:Morcius/brudnopis18: Różnice pomiędzy wersjami

→‎Runes used by the SS: spolszczenie parametrów angielskich szablonów cytowania
(→‎Runes used by the SS: spolszczenie parametrów angielskich szablonów cytowania)
|''doppelte Siegrune''
|"Zwycięstwo" ''lub'' "Schutzstaffel"
| The [[sig rune|''sig'' rune]] (or ''Siegrune'') symbolised victory (''sieg''). In its original form as the {{runic|[[ᛋ]]}}-rune of the [[Younger Futhark]], it represented the sun; however, von List reinterpreted it as a victory sign when he compiled his list of "[[Armanen runes]]" .<ref name="Yenne68">{{citecytuj bookksiążkę|titletytuł=Hitler's Master of the Dark Arts: Himmler's Black Knights and the Occult Origins of the SS|lastnazwisko=Yenne|firstimię=Bill|pagestrony=68|publisherwydawca=Zenith Imprint|yearrok=2010|isbn=978-0-7603-3778-3}}{{verify credibility|date=April 2012}}</ref>
It was adapted into the emblem of the SS in 1933 by Walter Heck, an SS ''[[Sturmhauptführer]]'' who worked as a graphic designer for Ferdinand Hoffstatter, a producer of emblems and insignia in [[Bonn]].<ref name="Yenne68" /> Heck's simple but striking device consisted of two ''sig'' runes drawn side by side like lightning bolts, and was soon adopted by all branches of the SS&nbsp;– though Heck himself received only a token payment of 2.5 [[Reichsmark]]s for his work.<ref name="Lumsden18">Lumsden, p. 18</ref> The device had a double meaning; as well as standing for the initials of the SS, it could be read as a rallying cry of "Victory, Victory!".<ref name="Yenne68" /> The symbol became so ubiquitous that it was frequently typeset using runes rather than letters; during the Nazi period, an extra key was added to German typewriters to enable them to type the double-''sig'' logo with a single keystroke.<ref>Yenne, p. 71</ref>
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