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'''Franz von Weyrother''' ([[Wiedeń]], 1755 – Wiedeń, 16 Luty 1806) austriacki ogólne podczas rewolucji francuskiej i [[Wojny napoleońskie|wojen napoleońskich]].
 
==Kariera==
 
Weyrother urodził się w Wiedniu jako syn generała kawalerii Adam von Weyrother. Po studiach na akademii wojskowej inżynierii, [[Franz Moritz von Lacy]] wstąpił do Pułku Piechoty # 22 jako kadet w 1775 roku. Został awansowany na porucznika dwa lata później.
 
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Nell'agosto del 1778 fu nominato aiutante di campo di Wenzel Colloredo carica che ricoprì sino al 1783.
 
 
Weirother partecipò alle guerre austro-turche tra il 1787 ed il 1791, fu agli ordini del maresciallo [[Maximilian Ulysses Browne]], guadagnandosi nell'occasione il grado di capitano. Durante la prima fase della guerra della [[prima coalizione]], Weirother serviva a Magonza. Promosso al grado di maggiore nel 1795, fu ferito a [[Weisenau]]. Dopo il suo recupero fu inviato nell'esercito del Reno sotto l'[[Carlo d'Asburgo-Teschen|arciduca Carlo]]. Nel 1795 venne nominato cavaliere dell'[[Ordine Militare di Maria Teresa]].
 
==Italy and Bavaria==
 
In September 1796, Weyrother transferred to Northern Italy where he fought in the [[Battle of Bassano]] under [[Field Marshal]] [[Dagobert Sigmund von Wurmser|Dagobert von Wurmser]]. Later he served on the staff of [[Feldzeugmeister]] [[József Alvinczi]]. In this capacity, he helped plan the campaign that ended in a narrow defeat by Bonaparte at the [[Battle of Arcola]].<ref>Boycott-Brown, p 440</ref> His plan for the [[Battle of Rivoli]] provided for three widely separated striking forces and unrealistically called for one flanking column to march across mountainous terrain in January.<ref>Boycott-Brown, p 491</ref> Rivoli ended in a decisive Austrian defeat and the consequent surrender of the fortress of [[Siege of Mantua (1796-1797)|Mantua]].
 
During the campaign of 1799, Weyrother served as chief of staff to [[Feldzeugmeister]] [[Pál Kray]], where he distinguished himself at [[Legnago]] (26 March), [[Battle of Magnano|Magnano]] (5 April) and [[Battle of Novi (1799)|Novi]] (15 August). He also planned an epic march by Russian [[Field Marshal]] [[Alexander Suvorov]] across the [[Gotthard Pass|Saint Gotthard Pass]]. For his conduct in these actions he was promoted to [[colonel]] (''Oberst''), given command of the Schröder Infantry Regiment # 7, and mentioned in dispatches to Kaiser [[Francis II of Austria]] by Suvorov. In the fall of 1800, Francis II assigned him to be chief-of-staff to the 18-year old [[Archduke John of Austria]], the new commander of the army in Bavaria. Believing [[Jean Victor Marie Moreau|Jean Moreau]]'s French army to be in retreat, Weyrother organized an aggressive pursuit through heavily forested terrain by four non-mutually-supporting columns.<ref>Arnold, p 221-222</ref> Instead, Moreau stood his ground, sprang an ambush, and enveloped the Austrian left flank. The resulting [[Battle of Hohenlinden]] turned out to be a catastrophe for the Austrians, effectively ending the [[War of the Second Coalition]].
 
==Napoleonic Wars==
 
When the [[War of the Third Coalition]] broke out, Weyrother was promoted to ''[[major general|General-Major]]'' and at the request of General [[Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov|Mikhail Kutusov]] he was made [[chief of staff]] of the Austro-Russian army. In this capacity he was responsible for the conception of the allied plan which was defeated by Emperor Napoleon at the [[Battle of Austerlitz]].<ref>Chandler, p 416-417</ref> Two and a half months after the battle, Weyrother died aged 51 in Vienna.
 
==References==
* Arnold, James R. ''Marengo & Hohenlinden.'' Barnsley, South Yorkshire, UK: Pen & Sword, 2005. ISBN 1-84415-279-0
* Boycott-Brown, Martin. ''The Road to Rivoli.'' London: Cassell & Co., 2001. ISBN 0-304-35305-1
* Chandler, David. ''The Campaigns of Napoleon.'' New York: Macmillan, 1966.
 
===Footnotes===
<references/>
 
===External references===
[http://www.napoleon-series.org/research/biographies/Austria/AustrianGenerals/c_AustrianGeneralsW.html#W30 Weyrother by Digby Smith, compiled by Leopold Kudrna]
 
 
 
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